Photos by Vivian Stockman
Oct. 11, 2001 marks the one-year anniversary of the nation's worst "blackwater" spill. That day, over 300 million gallons (first reports said 250 million) of sludge broke through from a coal waste slurry impoundment at Kentucky's largest mountaintop removal operation, a site owned by Martin County Coal Co., a subsidiary of Massey Energy.
The black goo, (laden with heavy metals present in coal and coal cleaning chemicals and who-know what-they-dump-in-those-impoundments) poured into Coldwater and Wolf Creeks and oozed down the Tug Fork and Big Sandy Rivers, into the Ohio, traveling 100 miles, closing down community water supplies and devastating aquatic life. The disaster "helped" place the Big Sandy on American Rivers' Most Endangered Rivers list.
Residents are upset about the slow pace of the clean-up. Some still can't drink their well water. Septic systems are not working. What's left of stream bank vegetation isn't healthy. People are worried about their health.
Still, Massey Energy insists they are a good corporate neighbor.
But the headlines the sludge disaster generates represent just one aspect of Massey's poor corporate record: Miner fatalities. Aggressive anti-union tactics. Overweight coal trucks. Deadly accident involving overweight coal trucks. Frequent blackwater "spills." Dodged worker's comp taxes.